A Day as a Sailor

Sunset, Sea, Sailing Boat, Boat, Water

Most of the ships were Australian Flags. Today you’ll discover seafarers prefer American flagships; the pay is better, and they are unionized. “There’s far more paperwork now,” says Third Mate Mike Loesch. “Instead of doing only the noon report, you are now doing three reports a day.”

They had a keeper whose only job was to keep the home, keep it provided of clothing, food, and walk the beaches after the storms. When they came across a shipwrecked sailor they gave him”refuge” in their home. The guys got to stay for a couple weeks. Some got back on boats heading north. A lookout tower was constructed and used to watch for enemy submarines in World War II. Over the years they’ve been controlled by the US Coast Guard and the Navy. Today only 1 house remains in Martin County on Gilbert’s Bar. In 1976 it was recorded in the National Register of Historic Places.

Since this is a massive topic I thought I’d stay the program. And, enlist the support of a couple seafarers. Captain Tod is busy getting the morning report out before breakfast. Third Mate Mike attends to his safety inspections or maintenance if the chief mate needs it done. After lunch he relieves another third mate and stands watch till dinner. The conclusion of the 12-hour day and another sunset. If the ship is docked, instead of standing lookout on the bridge he’d be in the cargo control room monitoring the cargo operations. Also making rounds on deck and assessing the lines. One thing you don’t need is the boat to slip away from the dock.

Hot and cold meals are provided three times a day. Breakfast is your standard fare. Lunch and dinner offers many different fish, meat and a salad bar. If anyone has a food allergy, like I do, you need to let the Captain know when you board the boat. In accordance with Civilian Mariner Wendy, I’d starve on the navy’s ship. Their food is chiefly noodle foods using a salad bar and overcooked veggies. I find this ironic because she is on a logistics ship. They supply other Navy and NATO ships with fuel, parts, food, Raccoon In Attic and sodas.

Must be inspection day today. Tensions are high. Everyone’s stressed. Not certain why. To me a review is a fantastic thing. If they find something wrong on the boat it gets reported, then fixed. Right? Well, not necessarily true. Usually from first-hand experience years earlier when they crewed. Certainly not how things are done today or what you were told to do. Regulations are changing all of the time, and everybody is expected to adapt. However, resources aren’t always made available.

Woohoo! After countless sunsets of reds, pink and gray, land is finally in sight. The ship is going into port where its crew members get to go onshore for a mental health break. The only question – is it full of safety checkpoints or can you walk right off the boat and be in the center of everything? Some men like to get away or take a break. The ones that come in on a Foreign flagship usually head to Walmart before heading out again. Poor Wendy, that’s when she gets the busiest. She arranges travel for some of her team members that are leaving the ship for holiday. They do not get to leave the vessel until their replacement gets onboard. Mike and Captain Tod don’t always go ashore . They have this philosophy work is work. I don’t always agree. Sometimes it’s good to get off the ship for a change of scenery. Even if only for a few hours. Maybe today, a few more crew members will join the ship. That would be a great help. Just like in corporate, the team is asked to do more with less people. According to Mike, the distinction is that the office building is not going to run into something.

If you’ve read any of my things, you will know security is a mega concern. Crowley Maritime sets it high on their list also. Every meeting starts with a security and cultural moment including wellness and behavior. They realize to be a top performing company they have to support their employees work life balance and wellness. Their trainings vary depending on the boat. Its operations. The seafarers and shore-

side personnel. Each oil ship has magnetic signs throughout the ship. “We don’t want to be responsive,” says David DeCamp, Sr Communicator, Strategist for Crowley Maritime. “We’re thinking prevention and preventing incidents as much as possible.” Just remember, once you’re on the boat, it’s 1 hand for the ship and one hand for you. Keep your balance and keep safe.

Back riding the waves, the team appears happy. Many sunrises and sunsets later end of tour obligation is fast approaching. I start to wonder what signs to watch for that folks are ready to get off the ship. Oye! How do they handle the stress? After all, my stints on recreational boats are much briefer and less crew. So, I asked about.

“When the guys get quiet,” says Mike. “If you’re standing watch with them and for four hours they do not say one word when normally you would be having a fantastic conversation. You then’ll see them start fouling things up a lot. Some guys will just explode, or else they’ll do something – either conscientiously or subconscientiously – where it’s endangering their job.”

Wendy says you’ll hear of somebody who starts giving things away. Saying goodbye to other people on the boat or just seems despondent. These are usually signs of suicide, she says. Notably, amongst the younger team members.

When it comes time to destress, hit the gym onboard the boat or do some kind of exercise. Talk to your peers and find some alone time. Regular contact with your family is also important. Particularly if you’re married. It helps ease their anxiety also. If email is not easily available, write those emails , then once in port ship them out all at once. Guaranteed the receiver will be awaiting them. “Remember it is important to look after yourself,” states Captain Tod. “Not just mentally but physically. Sometimes you have-to eat that pastry at 3:00am or drink that thick coffee. Working long hours adds additional stress to your body both physically and emotionally.”

Ultimately, it is important to enjoy your time off. Someone else is doing your work on the boat for the next 75 days or however long your tour of duty is. Get rested up. Recharge. Then get ready to get back out there for those long hitches.

Visiting Crete, Go Hiking

Greece, Holidays, Vacations, Summer, Sea

The beautiful and balmy Greek island of Crete is perfect for an active vacation. Many tourists flock here annually to relax on the gorgeous beaches. But to find a different and somewhat quieter side to this holiday hotspot, why not consider a camping and trekking holiday on the island?

Hiking is the best way to see this rugged island. From mountain paths that take you up and over Crete’s rocky backbone, to gorge walks that will demonstrate the scenic Samaria Gorge or Rouvas Gorge as well as many lesser known examples, a few of which are very difficult to cross. So far, it is said that only ten people have been able to cross the nearly inaccessible Gorge of Ha. Do not worry though, there are also many simpler coastal walks that the entire family will be able to enjoy.

The route stretches from one end of the island, at Elafonisi, to Kato Zakros in the other, and is marked with yellow and black signs. Be warned however, not all of the walking routes on Crete are particularly well signposted. It can be tricky to navigate on Crete due to the absence of detailed mapping. Standard orienteering skills and a compass are essential for any would-be adventurers who are looking to explore the mountainous interior and dramatic gorges of the island. Also bear in mind that it may get hot – wear practical clothing to shield you from the sun and always be sure to carry enough water with you.

Hiking in among the more accessible gorges of Crete is somewhat less challenging that ascending the hills. Why not visit the popular Samaria Gorge? For this reason, don’t expect to walk alone. However, in spite of the crowds, this is a stunning walk with dramatic scenery, and a chance to see Cretan wild goats.

If Samaria Gorge is too busy and touristy for you, there are many more gorges and coastal walks to enjoy, many of which are far less crowded.

If you are going on vacation to Crete, think about leaving the gorgeous beaches behind and heading inland, taking a walk to learn what Bat in Attic is really all about. You are certain to be amazed and enthralled by the scenery and the timeless wonder of this island.

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A Healthy Activity

Cliff, Adventure, Above, Hiking

As we keep traveling and seeing the country side or once we sit at home and watch documentaries on television, we are in awe of natures production and attractiveness. We always want to be a part of that beautiful scenario and enjoy the wonders of nature.

Most people have a terrific hobby of undergoing the above by going on hikes to such destinations. Hiking not only provides you an enjoyable sense but also is a fitness regimen for good health.

Doctors advise walking as a fantastic exercise for one’s health. Once you develop the habit and stamina for routine walking, then venture out to increase which generally is on irregular surfaces. Begin with small walking excursions and gradually build it up for more challenging hikes.

One of the key reasons why most individuals go on hikes would be to get away from your daily mechanical lifestyles and simply enjoy the beauty of the outdoors. A number of them traveling with friends for partying while others enjoy the company of their family members for a picnic excursion.

These reasons should encourage you to pick up your backpacks and take a break from your everyday rituals.

  1. Outdoor Excercise: Hiking lets you get the much-needed exercise to keep your heart in good shape. Not just it can help you to control weight, but keeps you healthy and energetic. The knee joints get the much-needed movement to keep it flexible and smooth.
  2. The warm sunshine, the chirpy birds and the crunchy sound of dry leaves beneath your feet.
  3. Freedom: Your body and mind relieve you of anxiety and worry. You forget your workplace and business worries for those beautiful moments. It creates a feeling of spirituality and makes you free. Further, it helps you de-stress and rejuvenate.
  4. Friendship and bonding: Going with friends or family members create a feeling of oneness. A drink or a meal with your journey can make your trip a much more pleasurable experience.

Hiking for Newbs

Schrecksee, Bergsee, Allgäu

For those who have a lot of friends who love to travel or go camping, you’ve probably been encouraged to go trekking once or twice. It’s a fun activity for everyone whether you are the outdoor type or not. Hiking enables you to see amazing sights first hand and experience nature like no other. Most of all, it helps you disconnect from gadgets such as your phone or notebook and bond with friends in an awesome way.

Choose a Simple trail

Like any other sport or outdoor activity, hiking can be performed in various difficulties. It all depends on the trail you select that should be suitable for your level. As a beginner, choose one that’s appropriate for your level of fitness. As you begin to get the hang of it, you can opt for more difficult trails in the future. You should also do your part to condition yourself and get ready for the trip mentally and physically. Practice at a nearby trail, going as far as you can each time and resting when you get tired. If you don’t have a trail to practice on, the gym would do – try exercises like the elliptical and stair climber.

Get the basic equipment

Since hiking is an outdoor activity, you should be prepared for the outdoors in terms of clothing and gear. The most significant one is the footwear that you’re going to use. An excellent, quality pair of rubber shoes would do (based on the road ), but it is strongly recommended that you invest in a good pair of hiking shoes/boots that provides ankle support and preferably one that is waterproof. It is crucial that you break in these shoes before your hike to avoid blisters. But just in case, bring a few blister band aids.

You are going to need plenty of energy on your trip. Be sure to eat a good, solid meal before going and that you pack snacks with you (preferably light ones which contain plenty of natural sugars and wholesome fats). Dried fruit and nuts are highly advised.

Bear in mind that hiking is both a mental and physical activity so you should condition these two aspects of yourself before your trip. When it appears hard, just remember that what you’ll see at the end of your hike will all be worthwhile.

What is Freestyle Cruising

Cruise Ship, Norway, Travel, Vacation

Ever heard of freestyle cruising in a Norwegian Cruise?

Freestyle cruising happens to be among the most in-things in the island-hopping market. It’s thought of as an intercontinental cruising characterized by a free spirited approach to appreciating a trip across the world’s great open seas. If you are among those who never believed such a vacation existed, read on.

Freestyle cruising allows guests and passengers in some of the lines’ state-of-the-art ships to exercise complete control over their stay on the floating resorts. Passengers can choose when they want to eat, where they would like to consume, or how they want to eat. Dining on a Norwegian Cruise is nothing like any other line because it boasts of no set dining times, no dining partners, no dress codes, and offers a vast selection of restaurants and dining rooms on board each ship for the type of cuisine that suits your every mood.

Living accommodation arrangements can be made freestyle also, with Norwegian Cruise’s wide array of lodging from the biggest suites to extraordinary villas to interconnecting suites and staterooms that virtually fit any group size. The line’s complex of villas and deluxe owners’ treats have been aptly dubbed as having your ship in a ship. These resorts offer luxurious and spacious rooms, world-class resort type baths, sundeck, pool, exercise area, and a dedicated butler all conveniently situated on a private deck of this ship.

With Norwegian Cruise, you are also able to design the kind of fun and amusement you want as the line has the youngest, technologically innovative, and higher tech fleet to give you a truly innovative and memorable experience on board. The fun never stops with a varied array of nightlife, family fun and games, beach excursions, and a lot more. Best of all, you can be assured that the Norwegian’s crew and staff won’t ever pull you off your bed just to queue for an on-shore tour. The freedom to choose is put at the maximum premium on these trips that you may freely opt to either go with the group for a tour or just lounge on your bed the entire trip… of course, that would not be fun whatsoever.

This landmark service attribute of Norwegian Cruise truly exemplifies the very essence of going on a cruise: freestyle living without any hassles or even the smallest hint of compulsion from the staff and crew is definitely the way to go.

Popular Ports of Calls

Boats, Water, Twilight, Singapore

When looking at vacationing aboard a cruise liner, they are many people that are unconscious of what to expect. Individuals that have never had in a cruise liner before tend to be a little bit confused when it concerns cruise ship destinations and ports of calls. If you are interested in using some sort of cruise, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with cruise liner destinations and ports of calls.

A port of call is a termed which is used by a number of cruise companies. It is used to refer to stops a cruise ship will make along the way. If you are curious about booking a holiday aboard a boat that makes multiple port stops, then you will want to interpret the ports available. Deciding on a cruise liner is sufficient to produce any vacation perfect, but choosing the right ports of calls will create a vacation even more enjoyable.

When analyzing the cruise ships offered by numerous cruise lines, you ought to automatically be supplied with cruise ship stops. Information may be available regarding the amount of time the cruise ship plans on staying at a certain port. If the stop is long enough, you it’s in a position to view local attractions.

All around the planet, they are many ports that cruise liners regularly stop at. Nearly all the hottest ports are located in the Caribbean. If you’re looking for a tropical cruise, you might like to consider the climate of each port before making your reservation. Popular ports incorporate, but aren’t limited to, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and St. Thomas.

Caribbean cruises are often viewed as the most popular types of cruises, but they’re not the single ones that are available.

Additionally ports of call, you will also see information on a cruise ship’s final destination. When choosing a cruise ship, the final destination is extremely important. This is because most, but not each cruise ships return to their originally place of departure. For prevent unnecessary travel, it’s advised that you look for a cruise liner that returns to its original port of departure.

As aforementioned, cruises ship holidays are popular all across the globe. When choosing a cruise liner to vacation on, you are encouraged to maintain this in mind. In addition the ports of call and onboard activities, you ought to interpret selecting a cruise liner determined by its location of departure. If you are interested in vacationing on a cruise, but while on a budget, then you might like to select a port of departure that’s located approximately home. Printing so could prevent unnecessary travel expenses.

Cruise ships depart from ports all across the globe. Popular departure locations from the Untied States include, but are not Limited to, Texas, New Jersey, Louisiana, Hawaii, and Florida. Overseas cruise liners often depart from England, Italy, Germany, Spain, Norway, and Portugal. Additional departure ports might be around; nonetheless, it will all hinge on the cruise ship in question.

With all of the available cruise liner destinations and ports of call, selecting a cruise liner to vacation on may seem overpowering. Despite this overwhelming feeling, you are still encouraged to research all your available options. Taking the occasion to research popular cruise ship destinations and ports of call is the most suitable means to make the most out of your cruise ship voyage. For more check out Canyon Lake Wildlife Removal

Sail Princess

Cruise Ships, Baltic Cruise Ships

The business was founded back in the year 1965 and has been offering its passengers with some of the most memorable journeys and vacations ever since. The main rise to fame for the Princess Cruises came with the launch of The Love Boat TV series that featured two of its cruise liners, the Pacific Princess and the Island Princess.

Embarking on a cruise with the Princess Cruises can be extremely exciting and scintillating. Moreover, the business offers its travellers with award winning service and characteristics which ensure that each of its guests have a great time while on board. One of the chief charms of this Princess Cruises is its excellent cruise itineraries which cover a number of the most exotic locales of the world. With more than 1000 cruise itineraries and 300 interfaces to choose from, tourists are also spoilt for choice when it comes to picking a travel aboard the Princess. Moreover, all the ships sailing under the Princess flag boasts of world-class service, sumptuous food and Maharaja style luxury. Voted as the Best Cruise Line Itineraries for 7 consecutive years, the Princess Cruises are second to none when it comes to sailing and luxury cruise liners.

The popular Cruise ships

The Princess Cruises also boast of a huge fleet which sail all over the world on various itineraries. Some of its most popular cruise ships are the Caribbean Princess (Sailing in the Caribbean Islands), the Coral Princess (Specifically built to sail in the Panama Canal), the Crown Princess (Sailing in the Caribbean Islands), the Golden Princess (Sailing in Alaska and Hawaii) and the Diamond Princess (Sailing in Alaska and the Mexican Riviera).

Great On-Board Experience

Another reason for the immense popularity of this Princess Cruises is its magnificent onboard encounter. The ship is packed with activities and things to do for tourists of all ages to keep them content and occupied from sun rise up until sunset and beyond. One of the most popular sights aboard the Princess is its piazza styled atrium that becomes the stunning centrepiece on each of the ships. These atriums are dispersed over several decks and feature panoramic views of the boat, the signature Vines Bar and International Café and a breathtaking spiral staircase.

Other popular activities aboard the Princess Cruise Ships are poolside activities, cooking demonstrations, digital photography workshops, a variety of sports such as golf and ping-pong, vast libraries, mesmerizing nightlife, grand casinos, designer boutiques, art auctions, youth centres and adolescent lounges and pampering spas. A few of the most popular creations aboard the Princess are anytime dining choices and Movie Under the Stars. The latter is very popular amongst couples and fans since they give an extremely romantic opportunity to watch a movie with loved ones in a 300 square foot, 69000 watt poolside movie theater. This experience is made even better with personalized touches like cosy blankets, chaise lounges, complimentary popcorn and cookies and milk.

An individual may also experience a behind the scenes ship tour which allows passengers to get a glimpse of how the boat runs and functions. The tour is offered once or twice daily and enables passengers to catch a glimpse of the control room, print shop, medical centre, photo laboratory, bridge, laundry room and other areas which are generally visited only by the ship’s crew.

Heavenly living accommodations

The living accommodations which are offered by the Princess Cruises will also be amongst the best. Passengers can choose from a range of accommodation options including basic interior cabins, Ocean view cabins, cabins with balconies, mini suites with balconies, suites with balconies and grand suites. Irrespective of the choice of accommodation taken, passengers can expect to be treated to a range of excellent amenities and in room luxuries. The large and extremely comfortable beds, beautifully made baths, pleasant décor and in-room entertainment choices make sure that guests have a fantastic time not only on board but at the rooms and cottages also.

Lastly, the Princess Cruises is also one of the few cruise liners which follow the century old traditions of Bon Voyage where relatives and friends can board the boat to bid farewell to their loved ones before the boat embarks on its journey.

Taking a Carnival Cruise

Cruise, Grand Turk, Horse On Beach, Kids

Stepping out of your car at the departure port is just the beginning. If you have never cruised before, get ready for a vacation of a lifetime. The excitement that builds up before you step onto the cruise ship isn’t as large as the excitement you get once you actually start your adventure at sea.

Carnival Cruise Line definitely does a fantastic job with keeping their guests happy and satisfied throughout the trip. The second you board the ship and set your belongings into your cabins, you are constantly greeted with friendly and warm smiles from each employee on board. If you’re in need of something at any point in time, whether day or night, a worker will always be there to assist you. Before the ship departs, everyone on board matches up in the theatre and goes over a safety briefing. This lets everyone know that they won’t have to be worried about their safety or anyone else’s safety whilst embarking on the journey at sea.

Whether it be early in the morning, middle of the day, or late at night. There are activities for all ages day and night, and a great deal of entertainment that you really get to experience during these days at sea. I mean, some crazy hilarious entertainment such as dance offs and harry chest competitions. The activities that happen on board bring families and friends together and also help you make friends as well, you could potentially keep in touch with for a lifetime. When your stuck on a boat for a few days with people, it’s wonderful to make new friends which you can hang around the casino with, maybe take dance lessons together and more. And Carnival definitely makes it easy to do so.

While on board, the employees try and bring people together with all their shows, entertainment on the deck throughout the day, etc. It’s nice seeing everybody gathered around in one large area laughing and dancing together. It makes the trip that much more exciting and fun.

Apart from all of the entertainment, the food on the ships are out of the world also! You are guaranteed never to be hungry during your vacation, with the pizza bar, ice cream stand, and food buffet they constantly have on the deck. It is extremely tasty food too! Also, every night there Is a timed dinner for your family and friends to enjoy and most of the time, you get your own table, based on how many people you’ve got and all. But the food there is amazing too. It’s a 3 course meal that will be tough to forget! And trust me, you’ll certainly leave full. Apart from the food, these dinners are a great time to share exciting events which occurred throughout your day on board, or to talk about the excursions your family and friends took part in that day. During this time once more, the workers will always be certain you’re having a fantastic time! Some nights they dance, sing, and get you’re family and friends involved too. Every second is filled with laughter and fun.

When it comes to ports of call, the employees on board are there to make sure you have a excellent time their as well.

Carnival Cruise Line has left me and many others happy with filled with unforgettable memories, and has had me wanting to go back on another cruise since the day I stepped from the boat, it also has me now wanting to work for the Cruise Line Industry at a certain stage later on.

If you’re thinking about booking a cruise at some point in the future, try out Carnival Cruise Line, so that you can leave your vacation happy and full of unforgettable memories also.

Exploring Europe on a Disney Cruise

Ship, Disney, Holiday, Anchored

Day 1; We arrived at the port in Copenhagen, Denmark around 1:00pm, though you can board as early as 11am. We gave ourselves 3 hours to board (the ship sets sail at 4pm) so that we could explore Copenhagen before we left on our holiday. This afternoon included us exploring the ship and signing up for kids clubs. One of the incredible things about Disney, is their children clubs. They have rooms for different aged kids to go hang out in, participate in activities and make new friends. This gives parents a chance to have some time and know their children are safe and having fun. After exploring the boat, everyone came together at Deck 9 to set sail and have fun during”Mickey’s Sailing Away Party.” During this, everyone waves to the passengers staying in Copenhagen & dances along with Mickey & his buddies on stage. Once this is over, we headed to the 6:30pm theater series. Based on the dinner time you ask (6:00pm or 8:30pm) you may either watch the theater series at 6:30pm or 8:30pm, the opposite time that your eating dinner. I absolutely love the displays. Disney does an wonderful job making up themes and special acts to entertain their audience.

Day two was a”Day at Sea”, so we did not stop anywhere. We enjoyed our day watching Disney movies at Buena Vista Theater, participating in games at Vibe (a teenager club), eating lunch at Cabanas (the buffet at deck 9), enjoying yet another theater series, & eating dinner at one of the three rotational dining restaurants (Lumiere’s, Animators Palate, or Cariocas.) Depending upon your room card, you will rotate between these three different yummy restaurants. This night included Formal Dinner. This means we were encouraged to dress fancy (like dresses & skirts or suits for men.) Day’s at sea are, in my opinion, one of the best days on the boat. Disney provides their guests with the choice of Cabanas (the buffet on deck 9), Lumiere’s (one of the 3 rotational dining restaurants), or one of those quick service restaurants on deck 9. . American fare type of stand), and Pinocchio’s Pizza (a pizza stand where you can build any pizza you would like.) Disney Magic does a fantastic job creating grade A food daily and making sure to cook the food in a speedy manner, but keeping the taste incredible. Now, the food is not the only reason I absolutely love day’s at sea. Though food is a key factor, Disney also provides their guests with a news post each night, permitting them to see what activities are brewing for them the following day (you also have the choice of using their Disney Cruise Line app to find the menus and activities for every day.) This activities sheet is always full of karaoke, newly released movies, workout games, and much more during the days at sea. Disney makes sure their guests always have something fun and new to do on the boat, knowing some might get bored not having anyplace to dock.

We arrived and walked Tallinn Old Town, which gave us a true idea of their culture. We also researched the Russian Orthodox Cathedral, The Estonian Maritime Museum (an old prison), and Fat Margarets Tower (a large building near the ship.) Like most of you know, northern Europe has quite sketchy weather. Knowing this, I packaged a range of different layers and clothes. Tallinn remained in the 60 degree F area during the majority of our trip, which was amazing. My dad and brother could wear only shorts and a t shirt, so it really depends on your tolerance for cool weather. I am a small girl, so the wind was a little chilly for me, describing the long sweater.

Day 4 we stopped in St. Petersburg, Russia. On this day, we decided to get a bus driver and a tour guide (Alla Tours.) St. Petersburg had multiple churches (Church of the Spilled Blood for example) and palaces (Catherine’s Palace), so we needed someone to help us find our way around. I suggest finding a tour guide you trust (such as Alla Tours), because during our visit to Catherine’s Palace (and a few other city monuments), the line wrapped around the building to get in, but our tour guide found a way to skip the line and sneak us in just 15 minutes. Like Tallinn, St. Petersburg’s weather was quite strange. The morning was cold and forced me to wear a scarf (Madewell) and a thick coat (Madewell), but later in the day the temperature got warmer (possibly 67 degrees F) which allowed me to wear only a light rain coat (Spice), because St. Petersburg did tend to scatter every so often. On this night, there was no theater show because of all aboard being at 11:30pm. This means, you had the option of staying in Russia until 11:30pm or arriving early and having dinner but no display.

Day 5 we stopped in Helsinki, Finland. This afternoon was a bit shorter because all aboard was around 5pm. We decided to ride a carousel to see the town & take a boat ride to explore a small island with history about Finland (Suomenlinna.) We didn’t realize how large and historic Suomenlinna was, so we were not able to see all of its rich history. I suggest spending multiple hours here, in case you decide to visit this place in Finland. This night included the Semi Formal Dinner. Disney does not require you to dress up any of the nights on cruise, but through these special nights, it is highly encouraged.

Day 6 we stopped in Stockholm, Sweden. This day was shorter because all aboard was 3:30pm. We decided to visit the Armory & the Royal Palace alongside it. If you are traveling with any boys or men, I suggest visiting the Armory. It was very cool for my brother and dad to see all of the military armor, weaponry, and royal carriages. We also purchased tickets for the Hop on Hop off bus, but it was quite busy and packed (because of all of the boats docked in Stockholm that day), I wouldn’t recommend purchasing a ticket for this bus in this city. This night Disney included”Anna & Elsa’s Frozen Deck Party”, which meant we all went up on Deck 9 before dinner to watch the Frozen characters dance and sing on stage. Disney also changed their theatre show on this night. Unlike their usual broadway style show, they provided us with a comic series.

Day 7 was our final day, which means it was another”Day at Sea.” This afternoon was a lot like Day 2, except that the cruise included activities like scrap booking all of your memories & jack jack’s diaper dash (a race between infants who can crawl.) Usually my family and I prefer to eat lunch at Cabanas (the unlimited buffet is always nice), but on this day, my dad and I decided to try out Lumieres for lunch. I had the cuban sandwich and parmesan veal with pasta (two entrees were a must on this day) and my dad had the shrimp and pad thai noodles. Both meals were amazing! When the day was almost to an end, we enjoyed the last show (Disney Dreams) and also a dinner in Animators Palate (one of the 3 rotational restaurants.) After all was finished, the cruise wrapped up the day with a”See you real soon” party in the Lobby Atrium on Deck 3. This show included a wave good bye to all the figures on board and a pin trading session (all the guests on board came together to trade their Disney pins.)

Day 8 was our final morning on the ship, which meant you went to breakfast in the location you had dinner at the evening before or eat at Cabanas (the buffet on Deck 9.) For my family and I, we ate at Animators Palate once again. After eating the last meal on the boat, everyone disembarked and headed to the airport to fly home. Disney allows all of their guests to eat and explore the ship before leaving, which was nice because we didn’t feel rushed to get off the ship and let the new guests start their vacation.

This 7 night cruise from Copenhagen was a fantastic trip and well worth the money. I know plenty of people are thinking,”A cruise is way to expensive. You pay for a costly boat, expensive plane tickets, expensive hotel nights before the trip, expensive trips, & expensive trinkets,” but I am here to tell you, it is all worth it. My family and I have seen and made memories I may never be able to make again. I’m a 16 year old girl and I’ve already been to more countries than over half the adults I know, & this is because my parents were willing to pay the money to take me on a life changing cruise in the Baltic.

Flying in a Private Jet

C-20G Gulfstream Aircraft, Private Jet

There are two different ways in which you can take to the skies, flying commercially or privately. Flying privately is becoming increasingly popular and is no longer for the rich and famous. There are lots of different private jets that charter every day, among the most popular jets is the Embraer 120.

When you select private jets as your travel option than you will need to learn about the different jets available to you. Knowing what different personal jets are on offer will enable you to choose which one is acceptable for your adventure. The Embraer 120 is one of the jets that may be found at most private aviation companies. This jet is perfect for businessmen. With a seating capacity of 30 individuals it is simple to fly yourself and your staff members to your destination in luxury and comfort. It is a twin-turboprop that may reach a maximum speed of 608 mph during flight. Its sleek design aids in this speed and will surely be sure you get to your destination on time. This jet requires 2 pilots and only one flight attendant which means you can enjoy first class personalised service during your journey. It’s a fantastic jet to travel on, particularly when you want private service but still have to transport a large amount of people. It is certainly a jet that is well worth hiring for your next business trip.

Why should you choose to fly privately?

Flying privately is considered a luxury by most. This is definitely the case but it doesn’t mean that they common man cannot enjoy travelling by private jet. What you want to consider is the reasons why you would want to fly independently. The fact of the matter is that it is vital for people to fly nowadays in order to get to overseas destinations. Private jets, due to being smaller than commercial airlines have the ability to get you to remote destinations that have smaller landing strips. Therefore, a private jet may be necessary depending on the place you will need to travel too.

The other important aspect that has to be taken into account is comfort. Not to mention the fact that you will have to endure a long flight with hundreds of different people. Flying privately will make certain you have the time to prepare, get some great rest, enjoy delicious food and personalised service. On top of that you will be able to employ the airplane at a time that suits you, rather than choosing what the airline is dictating.

Info in Lufthansa

Aircraft, Airport, Lufthansa, Flying

Lufthansa is a Germany-based airline, operating under the business name Deutsche Lufthansa AG. It is the biggest carrier in Europe on the basis of passengers carried in addition to fleet size. Along with commercial flight services, the parent company also offers numerous other aviation services. This airline started its operations in the year 1955 and has two significant hubs at Munich and Frankfurt Airports. Additionally, it has a secondary hub at Düsseldorf Airport that helps the carrier in smooth functioning by the carrier. Most of its operations are tracked from the registered office and headquarters in Cologne. Lufthansa Airline has emerged as one of the best service providers all around the globe and has also been recognized for supplying top-notch services throughout the journey.

It is among the founding members of the Star Alliance – a leading alliance in the world. This has increased the reach of this carrier significantly, allowing traveller to go for Lufthansa Airline booking for many destinations, where it does not operate a direct flight. Along with this, in addition, it shares codes with Luxair, Air India, JetBlue Airways and Air Malta. This means that people can avail services of these carriers by booking tickets with Lufthansa. People, that are looking ahead to traveling with this airline, can go through the following information before booking their tickets.

Like other service providers, people can choose from three traveling courses – First, Business and Economy Classes. More than 500 choices are recorded in the Lufthansa flight Program. Having a fleet size of over 270 aircraft, this carrier connects major cities lying in 78 countries. It has a strong presence in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. Travellers can find a chance to experience a hassle-free travel in some of the latest aircraft manufactured by Airbus and Boeing by making their reservations with this carrier. They can easily find the comprehensive information concerning the schedule on online travel portals.

The price of making reservations is dependent upon the booking class and destinations. As an example, ticket prices are higher for First and Business Class when compared to Economy Class. The free baggage allowance defers with the course of booking. Travellers may also opt for the private jet services offered by the carrier. It’s famous for offering value for money services; hence, individuals are able to opt for this particular airline for their travel without giving another thought. They may also avail benefits of its frequent flyer program to make the travel even more economical. It is a 3-tier program – Miles and More Member, Frequent Travellers, Senator and Honorable Circle Member. The status depends upon the number of miles, which is offered to passengers on each Lufthansa Airline booking. Travellers can get alluring deals and offers by creating bookings online.

This airline allows travellers to check their flight status after booking the ticket. They can check it by using dedicated mobile applications or online travel portals by simply giving the PNR number as an inputsignal.

Build a log cabin

Image result for Building a log cabin

Log cabins are a trend. It is an perfect option and there are a lot of styles which you can pick from and this is what makes the choice such an interesting one. When you purchase at wholesale, you are able to spend much less. This option is most acceptable for anyone who is willing to purchase their logs at a price that’s fair. It is also ideal for anybody who wishes to build many houses at exactly the same time.

You can buy and then ship the only things that you need for the project at hand.

Building for less

Building can be an experience that’s not only rewarding, but also fun as well for your entire family. If you don’t plan, it may also prove to be a nightmare. When you buy a kit that has everything contained it can actually cost you more than once you get the materials on your own.

To avoid this additional expense, it’s reasonable to purchase the logs at wholesale and save some cash. You can have these sent to you and taken right to the website.

There are several suppliers who can meet your buying needs at the best prices. As you make the purchase, it’s important to ensure that you can have the ability to customize the option and fulfill the specifications that you actually need.

Professional help

The best suppliers should have a excellent reputation in the industry. Before you purchase, it’s important to make sure they’re well known and their products are of the highest quality. It is always important to check the prices in order to be able to compare the sort of savings you will have the ability to make.

These kinds of structures are ideal for home offices, and fantastic garden buildings. It’s important to make certain they are spacious and with a calm atmosphere. You can also choose them as a holiday home, or even a permanent home. The thick materials used help to make certain they can be used throughout the year. As such, the thickness is among the most significant things that ought to be considered.

The most important thing when making the purchase is understanding exactly what you need. It’s important to make your specifications quite clear and include all the features that you deem to be essential for you.

Building a fire

Fire, Campfire, Flames, Wood, Heat

A fire is required in almost any backpacking, hiking, or camping survival scenario. It can look like a simple task building a campfire, but the majority of men and women struggle building one. Moreover, it can be more difficult to construct a campfire if you run out of matches. Whether it’s a campfire for cooking or for providing heat during cold nights, it is vital that you know the proper way to build a campfire, with or without matches, when camping.

Nothing beats the appeal and taste of meals cooked over the campfire. The freedom to cook over an open fire today is a privilege due to restricted regions of camping and declining firewood stocks in several campgrounds. This calls for utmost caution and respect.

Prerequisites for Building a Campfire for Cooking

Fire location

Pay attention to the floor where the fire is going to be lit before beginning to prepare the fire area. It is recommended you build the fire over a rock. In case it is not possible on a rock, you need to ensure that the foundation of the flame is on a bare mineral soil. When the time comes to put out the fire, a simple bucket of water will not do-have a fire pit mechanism in place.

Wood

Campfire for cooking should be clean, and burning hot. Getting green wood from trees won’t bear fruit because of its fire burn poorly and create unnecessary smoke. Call ahead to see what is available as many public campgrounds supply firewood.

Wind Shelter

Strong winds are poisonous in cooking. And can cause sparks getting away, which can ignite forest fire. Strong winds reduce firewood fast and provide much less cooking time. Thus, a wind shelter is critical to daunt important winds from interfering with your cooking.

Tinder

These are little materials that ignite easily and quickly using a spark. They include dry grasses, fungus, mosses or shredded bark. The material have to be dry and finely shredded as possible.

Kindling

Medium-sized substances that would catch fire from tinder, quickly. Kindling may include little twigs, dry leaves, larger pieces of barks, or sticks. Kindling material has to be dry, small items to be able to catch fire.

Building a Campfire for Cooking

When building a campfire for cooking, the objective is to have the wood turn to coal in the same time. This would create an even flame with no flames going up to the meals or blackening your cookware. This also builds the longest cooking time from the fire produced.

Site preparation

The fire site should be located at least 8″ from any combustibles. Make sure no tree branches hang round the site. Use green logs or massive rocks to produce a U-shaped perimeter around the fire area. If using logs for the perimeter, have them down from time to time. Create some kind of chimney; you may have a large flat rock put at the back of the fire place, to help direct the smoke up and away.

Laying the Kindling

Distribute the fire place with tinder. Put kindling material over the tinder in layers, interchanging management with each layer. You can employ use of thin splits of wood or small dead branches. Do not place kindling materials the”teepee style”. Cover the whole fire place with the kindling stack. Have a bucket of water near the fire place. To start the fire, light the tinder material.

When the kindling material is ablaze, add firewood. The wood needs to have the identical dimensions, as far as possible. You can use wood or wood branches. Distribute wood evenly over the fire bed. When flames start to die down leaving largely white coals, remove the white coals by shoving them in the lower level at the front and back end in a higher level. This would level the remaining coal to your liking. Set rocks or wetted green logs around the fire for placing the grill or toaster for cooking.

Although the tepee procedure is much more popular, the log cabin method is the best for cooking.

Log Cabin Method

You build a small tepee of tinder and kindling in the middle of your fireplace. The space between logs allows for air circulation from bottom to top of the fireplace. Build the wood logs as big as you would like. Light the kindling in the middle. You can blow into the tepee in the event the fire struggles to set ablaze or dig little air holes beneath the base logs. Keep the fire at a fair and safe size.

The Platform

This is accomplished by creating a solid log cabin, with the largest logs in the bottom and something about the size of your wrist on top. The platform is for all those who want a nice bed of coals to cook . Light fire on the top and let it burn through the logs, which will create a big, thick bed of hot coals. You don’t have to await it all to burn down before you start cooking.

The platform procedure is known as”upside down” fire when larger logs are used. It’s maintained for its ability to burn for a very long time, unattended. Remember to put the largest logs on the bottom and scale up to smaller stuff at the top. Light fire at the top. As you practice, you will figure out the right size of wood needed to make fire that burns by itself, all night.

It can be a little bit difficult learning how to create campfire using platform procedure. The trick is to produce a large enough teepee on top in order to make a bed of coals that will be effective at burning through the first layer, igniting it, building a larger bed of coals etc..

The Tepee Method

Compact the tinder into a ball formation, about 4″ in diameter. Then place it in the center of the fire area. Stack the kindling material to a corn formation, around the tinder. Lean wood logs on the kindling. Leave an opening in the teepee for lighting the pile of tinder in the bottom with games. The fire spreads to the kindling and logs once the tinder lights; providing you a great campfire. You may blow softly on the flame to get it spread into the kindling and wood. In the event the fire goes out, add more tinder or kindling. When the blaze is going, keep adding logs in the tepee pattern.

Conclusion

There are a bunch of approaches to build campfire, but the important thing here is to practice, find the method that suits your cooking and you are comfortable with. You can even customize the flame to your unique needs on a given night, Practicing the hard way, with Ferro pole, knife and tinder, and leaning to prepare your wood with limited tools helps develop key skills for survival.

Tarantulas

Tarantula, Arachnophobisch, Spider

To many people, tarantulas are disgustingly revolting since they are hairy, stocky, and fearsome-looking. . .But to other individuals, they are TERRIFIC! Despite their reputations, most tarantulas are harmless to humans and are popular in exotic pet trade. There are no true tarantulas that are known to have a bite that is deadly to humans.

Some people even eat them. . .Yup, that’s what I said! In some countries, tarantulas are considered a delicacy, and taste somewhat like shrimp…

Tarantulas range in colours from brown, black and grey (very drab) to excitingly colorful varieties of metallic blue, white and black, bright orange, and cobalt blue.

Tarantulas are very often hairy and rather large. They don’t spin webs, unless they live in a tunnel, because they hunt their prey on the ground. If they live in a tunnel, they are known to lineup that tunnel with web to catch wandering prey. They use their speed and ambush capabilities to capture different spiders and insects. Larger varieties are even know to capture lizards, mice and birds.

Tarantulas have adopted a number of different names around the world, such as baboon spiders, barking spiders, whistling spiders, earth tigers, or bird spiders, just to mention a few.

My Story: When I lived in Australia back in 1994-95, I was on the phone with my mum in Canada as I had been wandering around the house. All of a sudden, I let out a massive scream and dropped the phone. I came back to pick up the phone to describe to her that I just walked to the restroom. In the bottom of the bathtub was a big, hairy spider about the size of a saucer (like it’s legs), and it was making a sound and leaping about 1 1/2 ft into the air.

I was so petrified, I didn’t know what to do. My mom was scared on the opposite end of the telephone as I got a clear plastic container and hauled some holes into the base of it, and covered it up in the tub until my roommates came home, who were native Aussies…

They believed it was so funny I was so scared, but I had never seen one before, being from Canada! They safely let it outside for me. Not my cup of tea, but many people loves these little guys! I wish I’d have considered taking a photograph of it!

Scientific Classification:

-Kingdom: Animalia

-Phylum: Arthropoda

-Class: Arachnida

-Order: Araneae

-Suborder: Mygalomorphae

-Superfamily: Theraphosoidea

Tarantulas live all over the world including the USA, Central & South America, Africa, Australia, and Asia.

Tarantulas rely upon their thick exoskeleton for protection and support. The body length of tarantulas vary from 2.5 – 10 cm (1-4 inches), with 8-30 cm (3 to 12 inch) leg spans (their size when including their legs).

Conservation Status: For the most part, tarantulas do well. However, the Mexican red-knee tarantula is on the Critically Endangered list based on WWF. This is because urbanization, increasing tourism, and manipulation of wildlife are high-intensity risks to the area, as are road building, perennial plantations, and ranching.

Why are Flamingos pink?

Flamingo, Water, Wing, Bird, Animal

With”That is just the way it is”. Elephants are gray, canaries are yellow, so why shouldn’t flamingos be pink? Well, there actually is an excellent reason.

First of all, young flamingos are not pink, they are gray (like an elephant) for about the first three years of life, and they turn pink. Not all adult flamingos are pink though most are either pink or a shade of red near pink. Of the five species of flamingo in existence, the Caribbean flamingo, is truly a very bright red red. Generally speaking, adult flamingos are either red, pink, or someplace in between. That still begs the question however, “Why are Flamingos Pink”.

Genetics would appear to be the obvious answer, but it is not the best one. There is the old expression”You are what you eat”, and flamingos are pink because of their diet. If you put a flamingo in captivity, and give it something to eat rather than its usual diet, the bird will so start to lose its coloring, and eventually become more white than pink. The fact that we do not see more white flamingos in zoos is because the zookeepers are careful to provide the flamingos a special flamingo food, containing all the nutrients they would get in their natural habitats.

A flamingo’s diet is high in beta-carotene, the same substance we ingest when we eat carrots. Their natural habitat is in shallow lakes and wetlands, where shrimp tend to flourish. When you think of it, somebody who likes carrots and eats a few a day can take on a slightly orange color to their complexion. That actually happens, and isn’t unhealthy although it may seem so.

, you can honestly say it is because they eat shrimp. You can go into some detail with the cartenoid bit if you desire, but for our purposes, just saying shrimp should suffice. Then if you’re pressed, you can cite cartenoids and beta-carotine, like that’s something everyone should already know!

If the person still does not believe your response, you can tell them that flamingos also fly and march, two more details about flamingos that definitely are true. We are so used to seeing flamingos from the zoo only standing on one leg (it’s the most comfortable way for them to stand), or as lawn ornaments in the neighborhood, we forget that they are quite capable of flight, and in fact fly from one place to another in enormous flocks. Insofar as marching is concerned, should you see a group (really a colony) of flamingos on the ground, and watch them over a period of time, you will eventually see them march.

Eat more pasta

Tortellini, Noodles, Pasta, Italian, Eat

Pasta is one of the best-loved comfort foods in the world. It’s just as versatile as it’s cheap and it can be served with a lot of different sauces. As such, it is gotten a negative reputation among the weight loss community. After, however, are several incredible reasons why this delicious dish should be made a regular part of your diet.
For busy people, this is one of the most mobile foods out there. For instance, if you regularly pack your lunch for work, you can easily store this in a coverage dish and rewarm it at lunch time. This will provide a hearty, filling meal which will provide you lots of energy and at a nominal price. Bringing leftover pasta to function is infinitely less expensive than paying to have someone in a regional deli create your lunch for you.
Another major benefit that you could gain from this food is the ability to make vegetables tasty. As an example, if you have a difficult time getting your kids to consume a great deal of produce, this is a excellent way to sneak a colorful selection of nutrient-dense veggies into your child’s meals. Your little one will hardly know you have diced up peppers, zucchini, tomatoes and olives to this dish.
There isn’t any way to overstate the fact that pasta is remarkably affordable. Moreover, one little box can go a very long way. For families that are continuously trying to eke it out, this is the perfect food for ensuring that everybody can sate themselves at dinnertime, every time.
Bodybuilders and Daytona Beach Rat Removal load on this carb with good reason. It quickly breaks down to lots of usable energy. Whether you are presently working in the gym to build up your mass or simply need more fuel to get you through the day, start munching on this simple food at lunch time and you’ll realize that you have more stamina and better focus for hours on end.
People should be aware they don’t always need to cook this dish at home in order to recognize its many remarkable benefits. You can enjoy how simple, portable, flavorful and filling pasta is simply by taking your family out to a restaurant which serves Italian food. Best of all, you can take any leftovers you must lunch with you the next day, so you may enjoy the succulent and perfectly blended flavors of the popular cuisine all over again.

Essentials You Carry When Going For a Beach Day

Vw Camper, Volkswagen, Vw, Car
Are you going to attend a beach party this year and you’re thinking what you can carry? I can help you to solve all the problems. Choosing a holiday near the seaside is something different from normal holiday destinations. From the term”beach”, you are able to visualize blue water; lovely girls in swim wear and water sports.
Here are a few of the essentials that you can carry in your bag when you’re likely to enjoy with your close friends at the seaside.
Swimwear-
It is one of the important items that you must carry in the travel bag. Beach wear is available in various designs and sizes depending upon on the body shape. Bikinis are the frequent type of swim wear available in various colors and styles. Swim suits are of one-piece or of those two-piece. You can take one of them that suit your figure.
Sunglasses and Surf Wear-
The glasses are very important to carry when you are going at a beach front. The cat-eye glasses are quite common in nowadays. If you really need to protect your eyes, better to choose oversized goggles or an eye wear which may protect your eyes. When packing your bags, never forget to set a pair of glasses inside.
Surfing is one important sport that you can try at the shore, but it’s not possible to wear normal pants whenever you’re surfing. You may carry surf wear or buy from the beach front stores. It is much better to take the garments from a reputable brand.
3. Fort Meade Wildlife Removal
Among the worst things about the beach vacation is the tanning. The sunrays are directly falling on the skin, increasing the speed of melanin production. You may take sunscreen lotions of the good brand that can reduce tanning and keep your skin in good shape.
4.
Umbrellas and chairs are extremely common at the beach. It’s not possible to carry the seats in the travel bag. You can buy one from the shore front shop to enjoy the sun rays. The umbrella is a vital thing for seaside holidays.
These are some of the items which you can very important at the seafront occasions and parties. Aside from the above-discussed items, you can carry hats, slippers, t-shirts, and towels. If you want to keep your travel bag light in weight, buy these items from the stores in the beach front.

Salamander Care

Fire Salamander, Amphibian, Amphibious

Salamanders can actually live for a lengthy time.

Number 1: Before you acquire a salamander, you want to secure a particular collection permit from your regional branch of conservation and wildlife department. Your regional authority may be issuing this license to permit you to maintain a salamander in your home.

A tank which measures 1×2 feet is sufficient for a little to midsize salamander. However, it is possible to go to as big as 3×4 feet. It needs to be tight enough to maintain the salamander from penetrating.

Number 3: Make sure that you fill the tank with soil or sand for around 4 inches deep. You might also use an old cake pan or loaf bread pan so that it is going to fit nicely with the elevation of the sand. You want to provide a suitable substrate for burrowing too.

Number 4: Place fresh water to the container. Salamander loves to remain in damp, dark and green areas; hence you may place green plants within the tank. When you add water within the tank, the runoff will eventually keep the sand moist.

Number 5: Safe rocks and other things which can be utilised as colors like driftwoods and leaves and place it inside your tank. But, ensure you set it in an organized fashion so that it won’t ruin your setup.

Number 6: Salamanders produce excess waste. If you are unable to do so, ammonia will lodge within the tank causing your tank to be contaminated.

Number 7: See to it that your tank is dry for terrestrial terrarium, but maintain your substrate slightly moist. If you’re keeping semi-aquatic salamanders, be certain that the land part is moist, but not submerged in water. Meanwhile, the water on the wet-side must remain clean.

Number 8: Salamanders can be held in room temperature. Normally, salamanders have sensitive skin and they have the propensity to acquire chemicals immediately. Hence, they don’t require certain UV lights. Rather, see to it that you simply rotate the daytime and dark cycle to mimic their natural surroundings.

Having a pet in your home can wipe out your stress and give you a different sense of happiness. Surely, you’ll discover a rewarding moment with your salamander. However, as soon as you have your own salamander, be certain you don’t forget your responsibilities as a pet owner. Take good care of your salamanders well so that they will live long and happily together with you.

5 Iguana Facts

Iguana, Green, Lizard, Kaltblut, Reptile

Iguanas are magnificent reptiles and owning them means knowing them. Knowing about them will make caring for them so much easier. I strongly recommend doing your own research as unfortunately some pet shops will tell you what you would like to hear in order to make”the sale”.

Here are 5 quick and easy iguana care tips:

  1. I highly recommend beginning your iguana out in a 20 gallon aquarium (or its equivalent ). Before bringing him/her home, ensure the enclosure is ready for housing. Make sure that your iguana enclosure has UVA and UVB lighting, heat lamp (I do not recommend”heat stones” as reptiles in general tend to stay on them and can burn), hide box (infants will conceal ) and a water container large enough for your iguana to completely submerge in (they love water).
  2. After bringing your iguana house , put it in it’s already prepared enclosure and let it settle in for a day or so. It’s imperative to permit your new addition to acclimate to its new surrounding. This can help”tame” your iguana making him/her more secure and trusting.
  3. Being a tropical to sub-tropical species of reptile, high humidity within the enclosure will be essential (80% or higher), as is appropriate temperature. Temperature during the day will need to be around 88 – 93 degrees (f). At night, lower the temperature to 75 – 78 degrees (f). Use a UVB”black light” to accomplish this and place it on the opposite side of this”afternoon” lamp.
  4. Do not be alarmed if your iguana shy’s away from food for the first couple of days. This is very common until acclimated to its new environment. It’s still crucial to put their food inside their enclosure. Start them out with finely cut romaine lettuce and red cabbage (they adore romaine lettuce) for a few days. This will”break them in” and prompt them to feed.

Iguanas can and will become”lettuce junkies” which can lead to malnutrition which causes Fibrous Osteodystrophy (metabolic bone disease) so its important to feed them a variety of different vegetables, fruits and flowers and in the percentages given below:

*10% fruits (melons, bananas, grapes, strawberries, apples and pears).
*10% flowers (hibiscus, roses, carnations and even dandelions). One flower to prevent is the azalea. Though beautiful, the azalea is poisonous (toxic) to iguanas, so avoid this flower.
In its simplest form: 80% vegetables + 10% fruits + 10% blossoms = 100% nutrition!

  1. Keeping your iguana enclosure clean is very important! If their enclosure is dirty, your iguana can become susceptible to parasites. Parasites can and eventually will cause sickness or worse kill your iguana (s). If you see fecal matter, rotting food, or clouding in their own water, clean the enclosure immediately.

In conclusion, Mimicking nature is the surest method of keeping your iguana healthy and happy.
As time goes by, you won’t think that your once little lizard is now so long as you. Once your iguana matures, you will feel as if he/she is part of the family!

The final step is to find a excellent exotic veterinarian for your iguana. It’s wonderful to know that if something should go wrong, you have an exotic vet who knows that your iguana and what is needed to keep them happy and healthy.

Picking Substrates

Gecko, Leopard Gecko, Climb, Wall

Some substrates are regarded as safer than others, while others are downright dangerous. There are some that people have varying perspectives on, such as sand.

Your lizards won’t succeed on bare glass, so it is a fantastic idea to give them something to live on. There are lots of alternatives available, from paper to sand to rock to wood chips. You can discover lots of them in your house or local pet shop. But don’t assume security.

Some are more suitable than others, and some are really hazardous to your lizard and can result in considerable health issues. Do not assume that just because a substrate is supplied in the pet shop, it is going to be safe. Even bedding branded for leopard geckos might not be a fantastic idea.

Leopard geckos should not be placed on cedar or pine, since these aromatic forests are poisonous to them, and to almost every other little animal kept as a pet. The substances that maintain these wood chips smelling great are also toxic when inhaled in large amounts or when consumed.

This trend is one reason that some people decide to bed their lizards on particular calcium-rich sand, because it gives a calcium supplement when ingested, and won’t be poisonous. However, there’s some disagreement about the digestibility of the substrate, in addition to concern over using other forms of sand, because they may cause blockages of the digestive tract.

If sand is selected, be certain it’s the best sand you can find, as opposed to a coarser builder’s sand, and supply regular and copious calcium supplementation to dissuade your lizard from ingesting it. Lots of individuals successfully keep their animals on sand without any problems, but they need to pay careful attention.

If using paper, such as paper or paper towels, be certain it’s sterile, or any inks used are non-toxic. Simply remove the paper and add fresh substrate whenever it is dirty. It is not a very natural looking choice, however.

Bark is usually a bad option, being hard to clean and easy to consume. Reptile carpet, especially designed to be used with snakes and lizards, is a washable, easy to clean substrate that comes pre cut into the most popular tank dimensions, but doesn’t offer a natural look.

Some people also choose to use ceramic or slate tiles, because these are rather natural in appearance (unglazed ceramic is better for this than glazed) and offer horizontal basking surfaces without the threat of substrate ingestion.

Regardless of what substrate you opt to use, ensure it’s clean and free of harmful objects or substances before putting it into your terrarium. Decide whether you would like to simply have the ability to wash it, or in the event you will want to replace it if its dirty, and if a natural appearance is a significant priority. This will say the best bedding to your geckos.

Owning a Ball Python

Snake, Python, Ball Python, Cute

Each year, ball python breeders are coming out with a new colour or pattern morph to fulfill the desires of keepers and breeders alike. Over the last few years, there has been a surge in producing various pattern or color morphs, which would be the envy of the snake world. These can cost upwards of thousands of dollars. There are still lots of normal ball pythons being bred in captivity for the pet but there is definite change in the market.

This change has happened before and is seeing a resurgence today. A growing number of people today are keeping reptiles; specifically snakes in general as bits of living art. In the late eighties, there was a guy who changed the thinking of reptile keepers everywhere with a book called The Art of Snake Keeping. Philippe de Vosjoli has been a source of not only reptile keeping information but also a source of inspiration for many keepers today. Philippe reminded us then and a natural environment is the best way to celebrate our reptiles.

Reptile collectors today aren’t satisfied purchasing a snake, placing it into a fish tank with a screen lid, and a heater. They see their reptiles as an investment and wish to display themas they want a Picasso painting. We still see the usual buyers of reptiles within the pet industry but there’s a definite growing percentage of individuals who are buying the higher wind or more costly morphs so as to create their own artistic statement in there home or office.

Solving the mystery

Keepers are way more knowledgeable today as we all are about the care specifics of reptiles. Over the past three decades, many individuals have learned, with more knowledge about their chosen reptile they can make informed decisions about which product(s) will provide them not only a better environment but also a better means of reptile keeping. Today more keepers are recognizing it is not about just captive care of reptiles in general, but about the natural history of the entire genre, which is currently making a difference in how they keep their snakes. Using the ball python for instance, many keepers thought for years that this species was only a fossorial snake. Now we know that ball pythons from some regions climb into small shrubs and spend time there off the floor. With the tendency of creating a more natural environment for our snakes we’re observing new behaviors; I would be ready to say, if the reptiles were bred under those conditions we would also observe an increasing tendency towards improved breeding success.

Product manufacturers are also more aware of this increasing trend as well. They now produce a better line of goods to fulfill the requirements of the discerning keeper. With the producers understanding just as much if not more about our reptiles, we’re not looking through a bay window onto a large environment but a microscope to the world that makes up the microenvironment of the reptiles we maintain. With this knowledge, we have the ability to provide a far better captive environment, one highlighting the snake, rather than just keeping it alive.

Many parameters go into this sort of environment. Previously, all we had were fish tanks with screen lids as I’d mentioned earlier. Today we have plexiglass enclosures, which are simpler to maintain. Plexiglass not only is easier to heat but it also retains the humidity necessary for maintaining tropical species such as the ball python.

Besides the advent of new materials like plexiglass for the enclosure, we now have a firmer grasp on our knowledge of plants, substrates, heaters, and various other pieces of equipment which need to maintain a wholesome environment for our reptiles. Manufacturers taking advantage of this, are now producing some incredible products that make snake ownership possible for almost anyone who has an interest. With all this knowledge available to individuals we still observe the most frequent mistake with the new snake keeper.

They purchase the snake and what they think are the right stuff for the environment and then place all of this into the old type of fish tank enclosure. The major issue with keeping most tropical animals in this sort of enclosure is that there’s a huge quantity of air exchange when display lids are used. If you live in a dry area such as myself this type of enclosure will require misting numerous times a day. This is a very time consuming process. In case you’ve made a greater end investment this is a crucial part of captive care to mist the snake and monitor its surroundings. Using the right enclosure such as those produced by Ricky’ s Reptile Enclosures will save you from having to go through this matter.

Now you know which enclosure to purchase, but the fun doesn’t stop there. These are inexpensive and easy to clean; therefore, they make sense for the breeder attempting to keep costs to a minimum. Breeders use either pine shavings or paper to keep their snakes. The showcase snake though won’t be display properly on those substrates. To show off the colors and patterns of the higher end morphs or even the’normal’ ball python we suggest going with a planted vivarium type of setting.

The Right Plant

The planted vivarium isn’t as hard as it may seem, it is actually an issue of plant selection, placement, and the use of the perfect soils. I use organic potting soil that is pearlite free and landscape the enclosure so that the back of the enclosure is a little graded or sloped towards the front. The organic potting soil is fine on its own but to really get a nice look to the whole vivarium I put a layer of orchid bark or cypress mulch on top.

Not only do plants help create oxygen inside the enclosure, but they also offer a degree of humidity as does the soil/mulch mixture. Delicate ferns and other such plants won’t stand up to a drifting P. regius.

We must also be careful of any plants which may be toxic to a reptile. And of course the fact that many of the plant recommendations you see online sound great. However, what they do not tell you is that their recommendations are actually bushes that can get extremely large. As an example, one recommendation I saw was for Callistemon, which they had misspelled as Callistemom commonly known as bottlebrush. Most websites list this as a TREE, which gets 10-12 feet in height. Why would you advocate that to get a reptile or amphibian enclosure?

Here’s a list of non-toxic plants which you can use without fear of them growing into trees or stabbing a drifting snake. Pothos Epipremnum pothos aureus, Liriope Lily turf, & Aspidistra Cast Iron plant are plants that I have used within the vivarium itself and have not had any issue. Some mosses may be applied as ground cover too but I have never used them before so I am unable to make any recommendations . Aside from the plants, add a sandblasted grapevine bit angled from among the bottom corners of the enclosure to the opposite top corner diagonally so the snake can decide to be either lower or higher. I have yet to see a branch be provided that was not used at some point.

You must also offer some kind of hide area within the enclosure. Personally, I like the half logs which are sold for this purpose. Buy one which the snake can input and when coiled their body needs to encounter the sides. This is a vital piece as it enables the snake to feel protected.